Notochordal Cells in the Adult Intervertebral Disc: New Perspective on an Old Question - notochord in adult



Aug 15, 2019 · The notochord (axial mesoderm, notochordal process) is the defining structure forming in all chordate embryos (taxonomic rank: phylum Chordata). It is an early forming midline structure in the trilaminar embryo mesoderm layer initially ventral to the ectoderm, then neural plate and finally neural tube. This is a transient embryonic anatomy structure, not existing in the adult, required for. Notochord, flexible rodlike structure of mesodermal cells that is the principal longitudinal structural element of chordates and of the early embryo of vertebrates, in both of which it plays an organizational role in nervous system development. In later vertebrate development, it becomes part of.

The earliest probable species of tunicate appears in the fossil record in the early Cambrian period. Despite their simple appearance and very different adult form, their close relationship to the vertebrates is evidenced by the fact that during their mobile larval stage, they possess a notochord or stiffening rod and resemble a tadpole.Kingdom: Animalia. Thus, it is evident that even the chondrocyte-like cells of the adult nucleus pulposus are derived from Shh-expressing notochord cells, and not from cells of the surrounding Shh-negative mesenchyme. Aside from Shh, in both the notochord and the disc considerable attention has been directed at brachyury.Cited by: 104.

Define notochord. notochord synonyms, notochord pronunciation, notochord translation, English dictionary definition of notochord. n. A flexible rodlike structure that is present in the embryos of all chordates and in the adult forms of certain groups, such as the lancelets and Notochord - definition of notochord by The Free Dictionary. notochord A rod-like structure, present in early development, derived from the MESODERM and giving rise to the spine. In the adult, the notochord is represented by the pulpy centres (nucleus pulposus) of the intervertebral discs.

Adult is sessile (and sometimes colonial), and must obtain food by siphoning sea water through its body and trapping food particles in the endostyle. • Larvae are tadpole-like and free-living, and have an endostyle, gill slits, dorsal nerve cord, and notochord. THE NOTOCHORD. Before there vertebrae, there was a notochord. Notochords evolved in invertebrates known as chordates and there are a few living examples of primitive chordates, such as lancets and tunicates. The most primitive fish today, the jawless fish, do not have full-fledged vertebrae, and still depend on the notochord as their primary axial support.

Start studying Chordates and Fishes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Create. Log in Sign up. Log in Sign up. Chordates and Fishes. do most chordates have a notochord as an adult only? no. some animals that pharyngeal pouches may develop into gills in chordates.